Solar Photovoltaic Systems

Compulsary For MSc YES

Faced with ever-increasing energy demand, the earth's sources of non-renewable energy are not expected to last long. Among the many contenders vying to replace fossil fuels, photovoltaics (PV) offers many advantages, including needing little maintenance and being relatively "environmental-friendly". Owing to growing concerns regarding greenhouse gas emissions and energy security, Solar PV Systems energy is an attractive option. PV is emerging as a major power resource, steadily becoming more affordable and proving to be more reliable. This course covers the principles, design and installation of photovoltaic (PV) systems, and involves actual hands-on work with PV systems and equipment. Students will learn the principles of solar energy conversion to electricity using solar cells, the photovoltaic effect, the factors affecting conversion efficiency; the building of the solar PV generator by appropriately connecting cells and modules in series and/or parallel; modelling the PV energy output; applications and system configurations for photovoltaic systems; and how to design and analyze these systems. Computer software used for the design, performance prediction, economic analysis and optimization of solar PV systems will be introduced and applied.


  1. Assess the availability of solar resource and conduct site assessments for PV installations.
  2. Analyze the performance and operating characteristics of PV system and components.
  3. Design appropriate code-compliant configurations for PV systems and equipment.
  4. Apply state-of-the-art simulation tools to evaluate solar systems for specific application and geographic locations
  5. Plan and prepare for PV system installations, including customer relations, developing performance expectations, responsibilities and schedule.
  6. Review in-depth health and safety issues and requirements that are pertinent to the solar workplace (Lesotho Code of Practice for PV Installers requirements)